What is the strain COVID-19, why is it spreading, how to stop it, and what recommended products can help?
How to eliminate this particular strain
The new strain of coronavirus has the World Health Organization (WHO) and medical officials worried. It’s known as COVID-19, or more commonly as the Wuhan coronavirus, named after Wuhan City, China — the virus’s epicenter. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Director General of the WHO, convened the International Health Regulations Emergency Committee on January 30 and announced that the coronavirus is officially a global health emergency. COVID-19 is classified as an airborne high consequence infectious disease (HCID) in the UK.
How do we help prevent COVID-19 from spreading?
In a recent review on the persistence of human and veterinary coronaviruses on inanimate surfaces, it was shown that human coronaviruses such as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) coronavirus, Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) coronavirus or endemic human coronaviruses (HCoV) can persist on inanimate surfaces like metal, glass or plastic for up to 9 days.
Some disinfectant agents effectively reduce coronavirus infectivity within 1 minute such 62%–71% ethanol, 0.5% hydrogen peroxide or 0.1% sodium hypochlorite. Other compounds such as 0.05%–0.2% benzalkonium chloride or 0.02% chlorhexidine digluconate are less effective. An effective surface disinfection may help to ensure an early containment and prevention of further viral spread (as stated on several government health websites – reference Official Journal of the Healthcare Infection Society, ECDC Technical Report).
Why use X-Mist?
X-Mist is a highly effective, powerful broad-spectrum germicide. The product range is the most powerful airborne and all-surface sanitiser on the market today, and kills 99.9999% of germs and viruses (other disinfectants are typically 99% and will not contain the level of ethanol stated in the requirements).
Not only does X-Mist contain the government-stated recommended level of Ethanol to effectively reduce coronavirus infectivity, it has the benefit of added active agents, giving it the ability to take the log kill rate to a higher level than the ethanol alone (X-Mist is rated Log Kill 6). These active agents enable X-Mist to last longer, so it remains active for up to 7 days on most surfaces.
The World Health Organization (WHO) and many NHS centres point out and fully understand that the words “cleaning” and “disinfecting” are often referred to in the same context, however, they are actually two very different situations.
Cleaning a surface with soap and water will only move microscopic health hazards from one place to another. Disinfecting, sanitising and germ killing is entirely different.
Surfaces can appear to look clean but still be teeming with germs. Rather than just moving germs around, X-Mist eliminates them.
When X-Mist is activated, it releases an ultrafine, disinfectant mist into a space that destroys bacteria and germs everywhere it settles.
The benefits of X-Mist:
• Kills germs & tested to BS EN 1276 and BS EN 1650
• Extremely effective way to eliminate germs and create a healthier environment
• Delivers disinfectant to places that might otherwise be missed, overlooked, or out of reach
• Eradicates stubborn odours from foods, pets, smoke and mildew, leaving a clean fresh smell
• Incredibly user-friendly and cost effective
How Does a Coronavirus Spread?
From what we know about other coronaviruses, spread of COVID-19 is most likely to happen when there is close contact (within 2 metres) with an infected person. It is likely that the risk increases the longer someone has close contact with an infected person.
Droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes (termed respiratory secretions) containing the virus are most likely to be the most important means of transmission. There are two routes by which people could become infected:
• Secretions can be directly transferred into the mouths or noses of people who are nearby (within 2 metres) or could be inhaled into the lungs
• It is also possible that someone may become infected by touching a surface or object that has been contaminated with respiratory secretions and then touching their own mouth, nose, or eyes (such as touching a door knob or shaking hands then touching own face).
The incubation period is between 2 and 14 days. This means that if a person remains well 14 days after contact with someone with confirmed coronavirus, it is unlikely that they have been infected.
The following symptoms may develop in the 14 days after exposure to someone who has COVID-19 infection: coughing, difficulty in breathing and a fever. Generally, these infections can cause more severe symptoms in people with weakened immune systems, older people, and those with long-term conditions like diabetes, cancer and chronic lung disease.
How to clean communal establishments where there were suspected cases of COVID-19
Coronavirus symptoms are similar to a flu-like illness and include cough, fever, or shortness of breath. Once symptomatic, all surfaces that the suspected case has come into contact with must be cleaned using disposable cloths and effective disinfectants (as mentioned earlier), according to current recommended workplace legislation and practice.
• All surfaces and objects which are visibly contaminated with body fluids
• All potentially contaminated high-contact areas such as toilets, door handles, telephones
Public areas where a symptomatic individual has passed through and spent minimal time in (such as corridors) but which are not visibly contaminated with body fluids should also be cleaned and disinfected.
On inanimate surface human coronaviruses can remain infectious for up to 9 d. A surface disinfection with 0.1% sodium hypochlorite, 0.5% hydrogen peroxide or 62%–71% ethanol can be regarded as effective against coronaviruses within 1 min. A similar effect can be expected against the SARS-CoV-2.
Due to it’s high levels of ethanol, X-Mist helps kill airbourne and surface viruses and germs, delivering disinfectant to places that might otherwise be missed, overlooked, or out of reach. Please be aware that x-Mist cannot be used to kill the virus while it exists within the living body.
There is evidence for other coronaviruses of the potential for widespread contamination of patient rooms or environments, so effective cleaning and decontamination is vital.
Cleaning and decontamination should only be performed by staff trained in the use of the appropriate PPE; in some instances, this may need to be trained clinical staff rather than domestic staff.
After cleaning with neutral detergent, a chlorine-based disinfectant should be used, in the form of a solution at a minimum strength of 1,000ppm available chlorine. If an alternative disinfectant is used within the organisation, the local IPCT should be consulted on this to ensure that this is effective against enveloped viruses.
The main patient isolation room should be cleaned at least once a day, and following aerosol generating procedures for other potential contamination.
There should be more frequent cleaning of commonly used hand-touched surfaces and of anteroom or lobby areas (at least twice per day).
To ensure appropriate use of PPE and that an adequate level of cleaning is undertaken which is consistent with the recommendations in this document, it is strongly recommended that cleaning of the isolation area is undertaken separately to the cleaning of other clinical areas.
Dedicated or disposable equipment (such as mop heads, cloths) must be used for environmental decontamination. Reusable equipment (such as mop handles, buckets) must be decontaminated after use with a chlorine-based disinfectant as described above. Communal cleaning trollies should not enter the room.
Contact us to find out more
If you would like to find out more on how X-Mist can disinfect your premises and help combat germs and viruses, contact us today.